Filling a tooth literally means that the dentist places material into or onto a tooth to repair it. Fillings are usually needed because decay has caused a cavity to form or because a tooth has been broken or chipped. 

What different types of fillings are there?

There are two basic types of dental filling available: amalgam and composite. Amalgam fillings are made of mercury, silver, copper and tin. Composite (also known as "white" or "tooth colored") fillings are typically made of glass particles, resin and a setting ingredient. 



A crown (sometimes called a "cap") is a shell that your dentist makes to fit right over the top of a tooth, strengthening it. 

Why would I need a crown?

Probably because a tooth has been weakened by extensive dental decay, large fillings, accidental damage or root canal treatment. A crown holds together the remaining tooth and any dental filling material, making it stronger.  A crown can also be used to greatly improve the appearance of a tooth that is damaged, discolored or misshapen. 

What types of crowns are there?

There are several different types of crown that your dentist might recommend: 

Porcelain bonded to precious metal crown.
Good aesthetics and strong, too.

All-porcelain crown: made from porcelain alone.
Excellent aesthetic results - very suitable for front teeth.

Precious metal crown: made from gold and palladium, extremely strong.

Non precious metal crowns, strong but with compromised aesthetics.




An inlay (sometimes also called an "onlay" depending on the design) is a more durable alternative to a filling. Inlays also have better aesthetics

Why would I need an onlay/inlay?

For the same reasons that you may need a filling: because a tooth has been damaged by decay or trauma. 

What types of inlay/onlay are there?

There are three different types of dental inlay: gold, porcelain and composite. Your dentist will advise which will give the best results in your case. 




Why Would I Need A Bridge

Usually because you have had a tooth extracted or knocked out in an accident, leaving you with a gap in your teeth. Closing the space is important for cosmetic reasons, but your dentist has good clinical reasons to fill in the space, too: leaving the gap open can put extra strain on the teeth either side. It can also affect your "bite" ‚ the teeth on either side of the gap may lean together into the space and alter the way that the upper and lower teeth meet; which can cause further problems. 


What different type of bridges are there?

There are two basic types of bridge that your dentist might recommend: 

A conventional bridge: your dentist makes a conventional bridge by placing crowns on the teeth on either side of the gap (sometimes only one is needed). These crowns (called "retainers") are joined to and used to support replacement teeth (called "pontics") that fill in the space. 

A Maryland bridge: your dentist doesn’t need to use crowns to support a Maryland bridge. One or two wings are used to support the pontic instead. The dentist simply bonds the wing to the back of one of the teeth next to the gap. Maryland bridges are good because only a little material must remove from one of the teeth next to the gap. However, they are not as strong as conventional bridges and are only suitable for smaller gaps toward the front of the mouth. Also, if the teeth either side of the gap are in a poor condition, the dentist may advise that a Maryland bridge is not appropriate. 

The retainers and the pontics of bridges can be made from a number of different materials, just as individual crowns can. Your dentist will recommend the best type of material for your bridge. 



Root Canal Treatment

Root canal treatment (also called endodontic treatment) is the process where a dentist removes the pulp (the blood and nerve supply) from an infected or dying tooth and replaces it with dental filling material. 

Why do I need a root canal treatment?

The pulp of your tooth can become infected when decay passes right through the hard parts of the tooth into the root canal system in the middle. It can also happen if the tooth is accidentally damaged. When an infection starts it can spread throughout the root canal system, eventually leading to an abscess. If you don’t have root canal treatment the infection can spread into the surrounding tissues, causing pain and swelling, and your dentist may have no choice but to extract the tooth. It is always better to avoid an extraction if possible. 

You won’t necessarily feel any pain in the early stages: but just because a tooth isn’t hurting yet doesn’t necessarily mean that it is healthy. As with many illnesses, there isn’t any pain or discomfort until the latter stages of the disease and treatment is often more effective and more likely to succeed if started early.


Tooth Whitening 

1. Air Polish

Air polish is used to brighten the teeth and to remove the stains from the teeth by using powder with pressure of air and water. It doesn’t make the teeth white but make them look brighter.

2. In surgery  tooth whitening Zoom

This procedure takes place in the dental surgery because the chemicals used are much more powerful. Before tooth whitening starts, your dentist will take a "shade" to record the starting color of the teeth. A special protective coating is placed on your gums to keep the whitening gel away from them. Dental "cheek retractors" are used to keep the cheeks and lips clear, too. A concentrated tooth whitening gel is applied to the teeth and the whitening reaction is catalyzed (speeded up) with intense light. The gel is then cleaned off the teeth and the shade is checked. If you want more of a color change, the dentist can repeat the process

3. Take Home tooth whitening kit

Also known as tray whitening, this involves using a special kit at home. Before tooth whitening starts, your dentist will examine your teeth and mouth to make sure that everything is healthy. Provided there aren't any problems that need to be addressed first, your dentist will take impressions (i.e. a mould) of your teeth. The dentist sends these to a specialist dental laboratory, who make flexible dental trays with a tiny air gap to allow the whitening gel to spread evenly over your teeth. Your dentist will also record the shade of your teeth using a special calibrated guide so that he/she can measure how much the color has changed when you are reviewed. 

Before: Discolored teeth

After: A bright new smile


At the next appointment, your dentist will check that the trays are a good fit and will give you instruction in how to use them. The trays are usually worn at night while you are asleep. In the morning, you simply take them out and brush away the remaining gel. The tooth shade will gradually change and you continue to use the kit until the desired shade is achieved - your dentist will review your progress with you. 


What are dental Implants?

An endosseous dental implant is a surgically implanted device which replaces the lost roots of a tooth. An artificial tooth, partial denture, or denture can be attached dentures, complete removable dentures, or fixed bridges that attach to existing teeth or rest on the gums. However, for individuals where this is not successful, e.g. those who have a weakened jawbone, who cannot manage removable dentures or cannot properly chew food, implants may be a preferred option.

What is involved in the implant process?

Assessment and Treatment planning.

Implant placement (depending on the complexity of the case from 1 hour to 4 hours      duration).

Integration period (This is depending on the treatment plan as it can be from 24h up to 6 months).

 The restorative phase (From two to four weeks). 

 Maintenance (review every six months similar to normal dental check-ups)

Will I be able to eat what I like afterwards?

Once completed, patients should be able to eat a normal, healthy diet with little or no difficulty.

How long will the implants last?

Once treatment is completed, a routine of careful dental hygiene and regular check-ups should ensure that implants last for many years.





Smilelign is an invisible orthodontic aligner system that uses the latest technology on the UK dental market. Smilelign’s revolutionary clear brace aligner gives you the straight smile you always dreamed of. Smilelign is practically invisible, so people won’t even know you’re having your teeth straightened.









•       Smilelign treatment is completed with a series of virtually invisible, removable     aligners.

•       The aligners are changed every two to four weeks for the next stage.

•       The process can take as little as 10 weeks depending on the alterations required.

•        Each aligner is carefully designed for your teeth and will move your them in very small increments little by little,                  week by week.

•        You will wear the clear aligners until they have moved your teeth to the final position prescribed by your dentist.




Smilelign Treatment Is Simple, Quick and Affordable.

After taking some impression moulds of your teeth using a putty type material, scanning technology or they may take 3D images of your teeth with an intra-oral scanner. These methods are totally painless and take only a couple of minutes.

The aligners are made to very accurate specifications in our laboratory. The first aligners will be sent to your dentist to be fitted. On successful fitting your dentist will contact us to tell us to complete the remainder of the aligners to commence your treatment.

Your dentist will monitor your Smilelign treatment as you progress through the aligners. At the end of treatment it may be necessary to take another quick mould of your teeth to make a final retainer to ensure we keep your teeth in their new positions permanently.




•      Your tooth movements will be meticulously planned from your dentists prescription by our ‘Scan & Plan’ service                 technicians.

•      Our technicians scan models of your teeth using cutting edge technology.

•      Each tooth movement is carefully decided using the Smilelign Ortho Studio Planning Software.

•      We produce a 3D animation that shows the movements your teeth will go through during the course of treatment.

•      This allows you to see how your teeth will look like at the end of your treatment and an opportunity to discuss any             specific requirements you may have about how you would like your teeth to look.




•       Smilelign clear braces are almost invisible

•       Teeth straightening with clear braces are tailored specifically for you they are as slim line and as comfortable as                  possible.

•       You will be able to undertake any work duties very easily.

•       Any minor speech issues or discomfort only last a couple of days

•       You can remove the aligners easily for a short space of time for an important meeting or event.

•       There are no ugly brackets or wires like conventional braces meaning you can still feel confident.

•       Smilelign clear braces can be removed for eating, drinking, brushing and flossing, so they don’t require additional              hygiene appointments.






Thanks to Smilelign metal braces can now be a practice of the past. These invisible orthodontic aligners straighten misaligned teeth and in the majority of cases remove the need for fixed metal braces